In 2014, astronomers’ spacecraft observation and tracking instruments recorded a new, interesting and mysteriously very large object. The first evidence for this led scientists to speculate that we are dealing with a hitherto unknown dwarf planet.
Last June, astronomers Pedro Bernardini and Gary Bernstein revealed the identity of the object, which in these cases is usually given to this name of the two scientists. C / 2014 UN271 Bernardinelli – Bernstein is a comet and not just a simple comet but the largest we know in the Universe. The diameter of the comet’s core is estimated at 100-200 km, ie it is tens of times larger than a typical comet. This comet will enter the inner regions of our solar system for the first time.
It appears that C / 2014 UN271 Bernardinelli – Bernstein was “hiding” in the Oort Cloud. This is an area on the outer borders of our solar system a thousand times farther from Pluto. In this cloud are various “rubble” of our solar system. These are materials and mainly space rocks that were created during the formation of our solar system but their interaction with the planets literally… exiled them to this remote area. The prevailing theory states that the Oort Cloud is the source of all comets in our solar system.
Bernardinelli and Bernstein, in collaboration with several of their colleagues, proceeded to analyze the orbit of the huge comet and by publishing it in the online archive of scientific publications “arxiv.org” give information about its movements in the distant past and the future. According to researchers, the comet moves in the outer regions of our solar system and very rarely decides to enter it, but even when it does, it does not approach its inner regions.
But the comet has begun a journey that will bring it this time to the heart of our solar system. Researchers estimate that in 2031 the comet will approach Saturn, which they estimate is the closest point to Earth that has been found to date. However, according to the researchers, there is no reason to worry since the C / 2014 UN271 Bernardinelli – Bernstein after its passage through Saturn will take the road back to its base.
Researchers estimate that the comet first visited our solar system about 3.5 million years ago. At that time he had taken a walk in an area twice as far from the Sun as it will be in 2031. The scientific community has now marked the arrival of C / 2014 UN271 Bernardinelli – Bernstein as they will then be able to become better and more accurate his remarks.