In recent years, research teams and companies have been trying to create chips that mimic the function of the human brain with the aim of developing new and better artificial intelligence systems. Samsung has developed in its labs a new method of creating these chips called neuromorphs.
The method of the South Korean electronics giant attempts to “copy & paste” the map of the networking of the neurons of a brain into 3D neuromorphic chips. To do this, an array of nanoelectrodes will enter a large number of neurons to record both the points where they join together and the strength of these connections.
The data that will be recorded will be copied and transferred to a 3D network that has been created in some kind of storage device such as a flash memory or RAM. Each memory module will have a conductivity that corresponds to the power of each neural connection (connection) on the map. According to its creators, it is a kind of effective reverse engineering of the brain.
This method can be used as a bypass in artificial intelligence systems that want to behave like real human brains so that they can constantly learn new things and adapt to changing conditions. With this method, according to its creators, there can be fully automated machines that have real cognitive capabilities.
Of course there is a significant obstacle to the whole idea. The human brain has about 100 billion neurons and a thousand times more synapses. This means that an ideal neuromorphic chip would need about 100 trillion. memory modules. It is obviously an extremely difficult achievement that will take a long time to implement, but according to some experts, Samsung’s method may be the door to creating artificial intelligence that perfectly copies the human.